Plex server lets you share movies and music across all of your mobile devices and game consoles. It has apps for your tablet, XBox, Playstation, and phone, along with an embedded DLNA server that can talk to Smart TVs and even some DVD players. If you commute with a tablet, there are syncing options so wireless weirdness won’t interrupt your streaming.
In my opinion, it’s one of the most complete and customizable streaming media servers on the market. I use it every day, and I think you’d like it too. Here’s how to get started with Plex server.
Before we start
Like Kodi users, many Plex users will employ a VPN to protect their privacy and stop their ISP snooping on their activity or throttling their internet connection. Some ISPs are known to throttle speeds for customers who stream content online. We recommend you use a VPN fast enough to ensure streaming is not interrupted and which keeps no logs of activity so your ISP and others cannot spy on your online activity or slow down your internet speed. One of the few VPNs to fit both criteria is IPVanish. Additionally it’s an easy VPN to install Fire Sticks, and a range of other popular devices.
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Sign up for Plex
Plex uses a big central database of devices in order to make sure you can only connect to your own Plex server. You need to make one account that will be used with your server and all of the devices you stream Plex on.
They do offer a premium plan, which you can either buy outright or subscribe to. My recommendation is to purchase it all at once if you’re going to buy it. I do think the free features are complete enough to help you make up your mind about using Plex long-term.
Downloading and installing Plex server
After you’ve signed up, you can download Plex here. You’ll need to install the server on a computer connected to your media storage device. It works best if there’s a physical connection, like a hard drive in the server or a USB storage device, but Plex can also be set for network storage over a mapped drive.
Creating a Plex server
Once Plex is installed and the web client is open, you can create your Plex server. Plex supports multiple servers per account, and each server supports multiple libraries and plug-in channels.
You’ll want to set the Friendly name to something descriptive, then click the Claim server button to associate it with your Plex account. At this point, you may need to login to Plex again if prompted.
Adding libraries to your Plex server
Now that you’ve created a server, you can set up your media libraries. These are the folders your Plex server will look for your music, movies, pictures, and shows in. They’ll be shared to every device using a Plex client logged in with your account.
The shows will appear with dummied out icons until Plex checks the web for the proper cover art. The default database works fine, but you can also tell Plex to use custom locations when looking up metadata.
When the library has been added, you should see the cover art for each show. It will take longer to add larger libraries, but after they’ve been added any new media you place in the library’s directory will show up automatically.
Configuring Plex server
You should change a few settings now in order to make adding new media to your library as seamless as possible. Remote access can also be enabled, which will let you use the Plex web client , and manage your server, from anywhere in the world.
Adjusting Plex library settings
To begin updating the Plex library’s default settings, you’ll need to open the web client again. You can click here if you’re reading this on your Plex server.
Make sure to check the boxes for Update my library automatically, Run a partial scan when changes are detected, Allow media deletion, and you may or may not check Run scanner tasks at a lower priority depending on how fast your computer is. I’m leaving it unchecked.
The first two checkboxes tell Plex to monitor the library directory for changes, then automatically update the Plex listings when new media is found.
Allow media deletion lets you remove content from your library using a remote device. It’s recommended you check this box, or else you’ll have to manually delete files from the server when you no longer want to watch them.
Run scanner tasks at a lower priority will stop Plex from using all available system resources to update the library. Checking this box may mean that it takes longer for new content to be displayed, but library updates won’t impact performance as much.
Enabling Plex server remote access
Our guide on selectively routing Plex through your VPN covers port forwarding and remote access in step-by-step detail with photos.
- Set a static IP address on your Plex server
- Enable remote access in the Plex web console
- Take note of the IP address and port (32400) that the Plex server uses
- Enable forwarding on your router to the appropriate IP address and port
- Access your Plex server through the correct public IP address and port number
Setting streaming video quality
If your Plex server connects to the web through a slower connection like DSL, it may be a good idea to change the quality of your video stream. This will stop stuttering and reduce buffering time for mobile devices, at the cost of image clarity.
Then adjust the Remote quality and Online quality options to whatever levels you prefer. If you experience stuttering and long buffer times at 720p, move the settings down to 480p. You can also stream in full 1080p if you have the bandwidth for it.
Now that you’ve changed online and remote quality, you should see an improvement. If you don’t, you should adjust the transcoder settings in order to decrease the load on your Plex server’s CPU.
Change the Transcoder quality drop menu to Prefer higher speed encoding if you’re experiencing playback issues. If your Plex server is fast enough you can Prefer higher quality encoding to increase video quality and bandwidth requirements.
Remember to click the Save changes button when you’re finished. Changing both the transcoding and web playback quality will affect all Plex clients automatically, lowering or raising the video quality on the web and mobile devices.
Routing Plex server through your VPN
If your Plex server is on a secure VPN, you can follow our guide to allow streaming through it.
Adding channels to your Plex server
Like a lot of streaming media servers, your Plex server has support for plug-ins. They call them channels, and each channel adds a new feature or stream to your Plex server.
Plex will attempt to login to Pandora, and any other channels that require a username and password, with your Plex credentials. You can enter the correct login information by clicking the Configure icon at the top-right corner of each channel.
See also: the best Plex channels, 25 of our favorite.
Setting up Plex clients
Once you’ve setup a Plex server and added your libraries, it’s quick and easy to in mobile devices as clients. For the most part, the only information you’ll need is your Plex account login and password. Everything else is automatic.
Plex for supported devices
Plex offers official support for a huge list of devices. Here are some of the most popular:
- Android, iOS, and Windows mobile devices
- XBox 360 and XBox One
- Playstation 3 and Playstation 4
- TiVo and Sony, LG, Samsung, and select Toshiba Smart TVs
- NVIDIA Shield
- Select Intel and ARM-based NAS devices
- Amazon Fire TV and Fire TV Stick
- Apple TV
- Roku devices
Each of these devices has a Plex app in their respective app store. Although this guide can’t cover every device, setting up Plex clients is very simple and straightforward. We’ll use an Android tablet as an example case.
You’ll see a drop menu that opens a list of servers. This will let you choose between the Plex server you’ve created, other Plex servers you own, and a list of files synced to your device if you have a premium membership. Select the appropriate server.
Plex over DLNA
Some older Smart TVs, Smart DVD players, and other streaming devices aren’t officially supported by Plex. Most of these devices can still access your Plex library using DLNA, which is enabled by default.
DLNA is a streaming protocol that’s meant to enable devices on your home network to share videos and music. In practice, DLNA was largely replaced by apps that do the same thing. But it’s a good fallback when an app isn’t available for your device.
For most users, DLNA settings won’t need to be changed. But you might want to confirm that DLNA server timeline reporting is checked. This will let you resume video and music playback automatically where you left off.
Some devices may need special DLNA client preferences set. You should check with your device manufacturer if the default DLNA settings aren’t working. In practice, the defaults will be fine nearly every time.
Plex web client
If all else fails, just about every device with a browser can connect to Plex using the web client. You’ll need support for Flash or HTML5, with HTML5 being prefered. We’ve been using the web client to configure the Plex server, but it works just as well for playback.
The web client makes use of metadata and fetched images to deliver a nice looking and functional experience. If you need to use the Plex web client on a regular basis, make sure remote access is enabled by following the instructions above.
Plex pass premium
There are a few Plex features that are only available to paying customers. In my opinion, if you use Plex every day, it’s worth spending the money. The premium features are very useful, and I’ll cover a few of the most popular ones here.
The first thing you’ll want to do is enable Plex pass updates. This will update your Plex server to the latest subscription version and give you access to features before non-subscribers.
When it’s finished, you’ll see a button to Install update at the top of the page, near the current version number. Click it. Downloading and installing updates will take a few moments, and service to your Plex clients will be briefly interrupted.
All Plex pass premium features are enabled now.
Using Plex server on the cloud
I think Plex’s biggest weakness for a long time was lack of cloud support. Computers crash, and storing a huge library of media files isn’t always easy. But recently, Plex added official support for cloud storage, and I feel like it’s a huge improvement.
The new cloud server will show up in your Plex server list as a remote server when you’ve finished. You can tell your devices to use the Plex Cloud server in the same way you switch between synced files and your original Plex server.
Syncing video and music to play offline
If you want to take your media with you, Plex Pass has a feature that will stop stuttering and buffering even if you don’t have a signal. You can sync your content with your mobile device ahead of time, downloading it in full on your phone or tablet.
Syncing to mobile devices is enabled by default on the Plex server, so all you need to do is start syncing content in the app. This guide syncs content using the device itself, although you can also push content to your device using the web client.
You can change your Plex server to the local device to watch synced content, or click play as usual and the synced video will be loaded from storage instead of the streaming from the server. You’ll notice the icons have changed, and there is no option to sync the video again. That’s a clear indication of success.
Removing Plex libraries
Sometimes you’ll want to remove an entire library from Plex. This won’t delete the media from the server, but it will make it unavailable to any Plex clients. Most of the time, when you choose to remove a library, it’s because you’re experiencing database errors. You can use Plex to rebuild the database if you like, but often it’s easier to simply start over.
Removing a Plex library is similar to adding it. First, open the web client. Then mouse over the library, located on the left under the Libraries heading. Three dots will appear, and you should click them to bring up a menu.
Your library has been removed from the Plex server.
Removing a Plex server
If your Plex server is acting oddly, you can delete it and make a new one. You’ll lose all access to the libraries on the server, but the media files on your computer won’t be deleted.
After the settings page open, click the Devices menu item in the top-right corner of the screen. This will open a list of every approved device connected to your Plex server, and also the server itself.
Just as when you remove a library, the Remove button will change to a progress spinner. When it’s finished, your Plex server has been removed. You may need to refresh the web client before the change will be displayed.
Now that you’re running Plex server
Once your Plex server is running and you’re streaming content to your tv and mobile devices, I’m confident you’ll agree that Plex is a powerful and flexible streaming media server. This guide only covers the basic operations; there is a lot more that Plex can do.
Comparitech will continue to cover all of the Plex secrets, hacks, and features you need to make your home media server do exactly what you want it to.