Best VPN online gaming

Want a good online gaming VPN to play Dota 2, League of Legends, Starcraft 2, World of Warcraft, Counter Strike, Fortnite, Minecraft, Overwatch, PUBG or any other online game?

We’ll cover several gaming VPNs for PC, console, Android, and iOS. If you don’t want to read the whole article, here’s a summary of recommended VPNs for gaming:

Best VPNs for gaming:

  1. NordVPN: Best gaming VPN. Extremely fast, servers in 60+ countries, and strong security. Includes a 30-day money-back guarantee.
  2. Surfshark: Best budget alternative. Solid choice for gaming. Reliable servers, great multi-platform support, and a wide range of privacy features.
  3. ExpressVPN: Operates servers in 94 countries. Fast connections and works with a wide range of devices.
  4. CyberGhost: Great value VPN. Solid provider with plenty of useful features for gaming online.
  5. IPVanish: Fast servers in more than 60 countries. Tier 1 network.
  6. PrivateVPN: A fast and reliable VPN that is strong on privacy and security.
  7. AtlasVPN: Provides fast WireGuard connections to let you play games or stream

We cover more details on each of these VPNs below. Our rigorous testing and analysis process helps us to only recommend the VPNs which can provide the best service. We reveal exactly which features helped each of these 6 VPNs rank top for gaming but if you’d like to know more about the decision process skip ahead to our methodology section.

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Why use a VPN for online gaming?

Online gamers want the fastest connection to a game server they can get, so it might seem counter-intuitive at first to use a VPN. Short for Virtual Private Network, a VPN service encrypts a device’s internet connection and routes it through an intermediary server in a location of the user’s choosing.

The encryption and re-routing process usually tends to slow down connections and increase lag. Dig a bit deeper, however, and gamers can find several ways to utilize VPNs.

Why you should use a VPN for gaming:

  • Access geo-locked games inaccessible from your country of residence. Is your favorite game limited to South Korea or Japan? No problem! Just connect to a VPN server in those countries and brush up on your language skills.
  • Bypass IP bans. Did you get unjustly IP banned from a game that you love? A VPN will change your IP address so you can get back in the action.
  • Access to Steam and other marketplaces when traveling abroad. Steam and other online game stores may not accept payment if your IP address does not match up with the country in your profile. A VPN can help you get around this.
  • Protection from DDoS attacks. If you’re a competitive gamer and the other team is using dirty tactics to target your IP address with a denial-of-service attack, many VPNs have built-in protections against that.
  • Protection from hackers and snoops. Leaving your connection open to a game for long periods of time can be a security risk. The encryption and IP masking a VPN offers will help keep you safe.
  • Play games not yet released in your country. If you live in Europe and want to get your hands on a game only available in the US, a VPN can help you get earlier access. Just make sure you’re not breaking any terms of service.
  • Access to other regions’ game servers. If you have a friend in another country you want to play with but the game’s servers are split up by region, a VPN can let you play together.
  • Unblock Discord. Discord is blocked in some countries and certain environments. All of the VPNs we recommend support split tunneling, which allows users to choose which apps use the VPN and which don’t. You can unblock Discord with a VPN while at the same time using a direct connection for games.
  • Access to game streaming services. Game streaming services like Google Stadia and XCloud are only available in certain countries. You can unblock them with a VPN.

Some online gaming VPNs claim they can even lower ping time and lag. We recommend you take that claim with a big grain of salt. In some cases, a VPN will give you access to a game server that’s performing better or even find a faster route between you and the game server, but in the vast majority of cases, the encryption process and re-routing through an extra server will increase ping time.

See also: Fastest VPNs

Best VPNs for online gaming

All of the VPNs we recommend meet certain criteria for gaming online. They also meet our speed, privacy, and security standards:

1. NordVPN

NordVPN May 2022

Apps Available:

  • PC
  • Mac
  • IOS
  • Android
  • Linux
  • Background FireTV

Website:  www.NordVPN.com

Money-back guarantee: 30 DAYS

NordVPN is our first choice for a gaming VPN. It boasts more than 5,000 servers in 60 countries. A handful of those come with built-in anti-DDoS protection for super stable connections. NordVPN is extremely fast. In fact, it beat out all competitors in our latest round of testing.

Next to each server listed in the app is the server load and the number of miles between yourself and the server, which should give you some indication of ping time. You can “favorite” a server to find it quickly later on. NordVPN supports split tunneling on Chrome and Firefox browser extensions and on mobile apps.

Apps are available for Windows, MacOS, iOS, and Android. If you want to connect a game console, NordVPN’s website includes dozens of tutorials on setting up the VPN on several types of wifi router.

Pros:

  • Superfast, low-latency servers
  • Operates a network of more than 5,000 servers in 63 countries
  • Server loads and distances are indicated for ping time estimation
  • You can save favorite servers when you find a reliable one
  • Offers router installation tutorials for PS and Xbox users
  • Customer service available via 24/7 live chat

Cons:

  • Can choose server locations but not able to choose specific servers

Our score:

4.5 out of 5

BEST VPN FOR GAMERS:NordVPN is our #1 choice. With a vast range of servers dotted around the globe, including dedicated gaming servers, Nord VPN sets the standard for gamers. Also hard to beat on Privacy and security features. Allows up to 6 devices to be used simultaneously from one account. Includes a 30-day money back guarantee so you can try them risk-free.

Read our full review of NordVPN.

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2. Surfshark

Surfshark

Apps Available:

  • PC
  • Mac
  • IOS
  • Android
  • Linux

Website:  www.Surfshark.com

Money-back guarantee: 30 DAYS

Surfshark is a low-cost provider that operates 1,700 servers in 63 countries, which means you’re effectively guaranteed a low-latency connection wherever you are in the world. It also allows you to automatically connect to the fastest available server, and to see each server’s current load at-a-glance. With decent speeds, no connection limit, and plenty of security features (including 256-bit encryption and a no-logs policy), this VPN is well worth your time.

A split tunneling feature called Whitelister is built into the Windows and Android apps.

Surfshark comes with apps for MacOS, iOS, Linux, Android, and Windows. Looking to use a VPN on your games console? Surfshark’s website even offers step-by-step guides to installing its software on your home router.

Pros:

  • High enough speeds for lag-free gaming
  • Large network of low-latency servers
  • Strong on security and privacy
  • Accepts Bitcoin

Cons:

  • Some servers are much faster than others

Our score:

4.5 out of 5

BEST BUDGET PICK:Surfshark lets you connect as many devices as you like, which means you can game, browse, or stream safe in the knowledge that no one is watching. This security-conscious VPN keeps no logs and comes with a 30-day money-back guarantee.

Read our full review of Surfshark here.

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3. ExpressVPN

Apps Available:

  • PC
  • Mac
  • IOS
  • Android
  • Linux

Website:  www.ExpressVPN.com

Money-back guarantee: 30 DAYS

ExpressVPN operates over 3,000 servers in 94 countries around the world. Its desktop app comes with a built-in speed tester so you can quickly deduce which servers have the lowest ping time in milliseconds. The VPN consistently scores well in our speed tests, offering more than enough bandwidth to keep up with opponents online. Split tunneling is available on Windows, Mac, Android, and ExpressVPN’s router firmware.

If you’re a console gamer using a PlayStation or Xbox that doesn’t support VPN apps, ExpressVPN sells pre-configured routers and makes free router firmware for certain models that will let you route all the traffic connected to them through the VPN. This is far more user-friendly than trying to flash an open-source firmware like DD-WRT or Tomato onto your router and manually configuring a VPN, which is also a pain whenever you need to switch servers.

ExpressVPN apps are available for Windows, MacOS, iOS, Android, Linux, and certain wifi routers.

Pros:

  • Built-in speed tester for lowest ping time determination
  • Fast, low-latency servers are great for gaming
  • PS and Xbox users can install software on certain routers or get pre-configured ones
  • Live customer support around the clock

Cons:

  • Not the cheapest provider here
  • Limited advanced features in apps for power-users

Our score:

4.5 out of 5

TICKS ALL THE BOXES:ExpressVPN holds its own. A fast and reliable choice for gaming. Great privacy features and keeps no logs. Pricier than others on this list. 30-day money-back guarantee.

Read our full review of ExpressVPN.

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4. CyberGhost

Apps Available:

  • PC
  • Mac
  • IOS
  • Android
  • Linux

Website:  www.Cyberghost.com

Money-back guarantee: 45 DAYS

CyberGhost is an easy-to-use VPN that comes packed with all sorts of features that can help you tailor the service to your gaming needs. All of the servers available on CyberGhost tier are DDoS-protected, and a NAT firewall comes built-in. Our speed tests show CyberGhost is among the fastest VPNs out there. It’s reliable, too, offering stable connections to 5,000+ servers in 89 countries. You can toggle on or off useful settings like extra speed and data compression. A NAT firewall is built into the service. 256-bit encryption and a no-logs policy ensure your data is secure.

Apps are available for Windows, MacOS, iOS, and Android. Split tunneling, or split-exclude in CyberGhost parlance, is available on Windows and Android.

Pros:

  • Hundreds of low-latency speedy servers, some of the fastest in our tests
  • DDoS-protected, and a NAT firewall comes built-in on the apps
  • Apps are easy to install and use, and are highly configurable for your gaming

Cons:

  • Power users would prefer more control over advanced features

Our score:

4.5 out of 5

BEGINNERS CHOICE:CyberGhost is great for beginners, is good value and is easy to use. Vast server representation is great for gaming. Stores no logs and streams HD video reliably. 45-day money-back guarantee.

Read our full CyberGhost review.

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5. IPVanish

Apps Available:

  • PC
  • Mac
  • IOS
  • Android
  • Linux

Website:  www.IPVanish.com

Money-back guarantee: 30 DAYS

IPVanish runs over 1,200 servers in over 60 countries and exclusively uses Tier 1 networks. It’s one of the very few providers that actually owns its servers rather than renting them. That means if your priority is to play on a VPN without lag, IPVanish is an excellent choice. The app allows you to see the current load and ping time of each server and even filter by ping time, protocol, and country. The service includes a NAT firewall.

I read some earlier articles saying IPVanish has gaming-optimized servers. That might have been true at one time, but I can’t find any reference to that in the current version of the desktop app. The Android app supports split tunneling.

Apps are available for Windows, MacOS, iOS, and Android. IPVanish can also be configured on wifi routers, which will cover your game console.

Pros:

  • Owns and operates all the servers on their network, providing good speeds
  • Can filter, rank, and chose servers according to their protocol type, ping time, and by country
  • Apps automatically connect to low latency servers
  • Impressive speeds and reliable connections

Cons:

  • Look elsewhere if you need to use apps in China

Our score:

4 out of 5

GREAT GAMING VPN:IPVanish has a large network of servers which makes it solid for gaming. An uncongested network that achieves that good speeds. Strong security and privacy features. Could do with having live customer support. 30-day money-back guarantee.

Read our full review of IPVanish.

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6. PrivateVPN

Apps Available:

  • PC
  • Mac
  • IOS
  • Android
  • Linux

Website:  www.PrivateVPN.com

Money-back guarantee: 30 DAYS

PrivateVPN was launched with the backing of activists in Sweden. It supports people’s right to use the internet without tracking, and to torrent safely and without surveillance. True to its name it has a watertight no-logs policy, and apps for Windows, Mac, iOS, and Android that come with plenty of advanced privacy and security features.

A kill-switch prevents you from leaking data outside of the VPN tunnel. This ensures that your ISP and local networks will never be able to see what you are doing online. Plus, this VPN has everything you need to prevent hacking when connecting to fellow gamers P2P. It is also lightning-fast for playing multiplayer games and has everything you need to compete in tournaments without fear of DDoS attacks.

Admittedly, this VPN has fewer servers in total when compared to our other recommendations. However, those servers are available in 63 different countries. And they are fast enough for streaming in HD and gaming, which is what matters. Plus, this VPN can provide secure access to around 20 different Netflix regions, Hulu, iPlayer, and just about any other international streaming platforms you can think of.

The only drawback is that the live chat support is only available for around 18 hours each day.

Pros:

  • Uses Tier1 servers for low lag and high bandwidth connections, ideal for gaming
  • Provides reliable DDoS protection
  • Speeds are fast and stable
  • Servers in 63+ countries
  • Allows torrenting

Cons:

  • Could have more servers in each country

Our score:

4.5 out of 5

USER-FRIENDLY:PrivateVPN has fast servers that are great for gaming. Solid privacy and security features. Servers are available in 63 countries. Apps provide plenty of advanced features. 30-day money-back guarantee.

Read our full PrivateVPN review.

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7. AtlasVPN

Apps Available:

  • PC
  • Mac
  • IOS
  • Android

Website:  https://atlasvpn.com

Money-back guarantee: 30 DAYS

AtlasVPN is a provider we often recommend for streaming. However, due to its fast speeds and reliability, it is also a superb option for playing online games on PC, Mac, Android or iOS.

The VPN provides optimal speeds for gaming thanks to its superb Wireguard implementation. And if you choose AtlasVPN, you will be getting a great all-rounder with apps for all platforms that can provide access to streaming platforms like Netflix US, iPlayer, Hulu, Disney Plus, Prime Video, and HBO Max.

Despite the fact that this is a relatively new VPN, the apps are feature-rich. Users get access to a kill-switch, DNS leak protection, malware filtering, and split tunneling. It is also a no-logs VPN. And it has IKEv2 with robust AES-256 encryption which is secure for privacy and security purposes.

Pros:

  • Fast WireGuard protocol for streaming and gaming
  • Solid AES 256 encryption (IKEv2 protocol) and a kill switch
  • No logs policy
  • Works with most popular streaming platforms, including Netflix
  • Easy to use

Cons:

  • Fewer advanced features than our other recommendations
  • Servers in just over 30 countries

Our score:

4 out of 5

FANTASTIC CONNECTION SPEEDS:AtlasVPN is a low-cost option ideal for streaming and playing games. The VPN is cheap and it lets you connect to its servers using an unlimited number of devices. Apps for all platforms. Fast WireGuard protocol and fast servers in 30+ countries. Has a 30-day money-back guarantee.

Find out more in our AtlasVPN review.

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Methodology for assessing the best VPNs for gaming

Deciding which VPN to use for gaming can be tricky. After all, they’re fairly complex pieces of software and the choices are almost limitless, with new providers popping up all of the time. To determine which VPNs are best, we need to first identify which aspects have the biggest impact on gaming, and then set a base standard for each. Here are the criteria we used to separate the best from the rest:

  • Speed: The most important consideration for a gaming VPN. Low speeds often result in lag, stuttering, and sporadic disconnections. To prevent this, all of the services we recommend must provide above-average speeds in our most recent speed tests.
  • Network size: Generally, the closer your chosen server is, the lower your latency (although other factors impact this as well). It’s important that a gaming VPN has solid global coverage so that you always have access to a nearby server. Our recommendations all cover at least 55 countries.
  • Security features: Gamers come up against all kinds of threats, from DDoS attacks to targeted harassment (including particularly dangerous types such as SWATTING). The best VPNs for gaming must include a variety of tools (like encryption, a kill switch, and DNS leak protection) designed to keep your true identity and location anonymous.
  • Bandwidth limit: Some services restrict the amount of data you can use each month. Others reduce your speeds after a certain allowance. To ensure you can game as much as you like, our top VPNs for gaming must offer unlimited bandwidth and must not throttle your speeds under any circumstances.
  • Logging policy: For maximum anonymity, these services must not log any data that could identify you. Ideally, they’d keep no logs at all, since this prevents them from divulging any user info, at any time. Find out more about each VPN’s logging policy here.
  • Unblocking ability: If your game isn’t available worldwide, doesn’t let you switch regions manually, or holds region-exclusive events, you may have to bypass its geographic restrictions using a VPN. Our top VPNs must be able to evade detection to reduce the chance of any consequences, such as a temporary ban.

Of course, this is just the first step. These tests form part of the VPN testing and analysis our team performs as part of our wider research process.

Gaming VPN FAQs

Does a VPN reduce ping time and lag?

In most cases, no. A VPN sends your data through an intermediary server, which is typically slower than a direct connection. On top of that, all the data must be encrypted and decrypted between your device and the VPN server, further increasing lag and ping time. A few exceptions do exist, such as when the VPN allows the player to bypass congested bottlenecks between their device and the game server. But this largely depends on the player's environment, the game's servers, and their locations.

Can I play games from other regions?

Yes, a VPN changes your IP address, which is how most games will determine your location. If you want to play a game that's only available in Japan, for example, just connect to a VPN server in Japan. Likewise, many online games segregate players by region, forcing them onto region-specific servers. A VPN can get you onto servers from any region where it operates servers. Bear in mind that you might also require a local payment method and a local game account.

Can I use a free VPN for gaming?

Not really. Free VPNs tend to be much slower and less reliable than paid VPNs. On top of that, they offer fewer server locations, limiting your region-unblocking options. Free VPNs are also less secure and often harvest your personal data to make money from targeted advertising.

How does a VPN protect me when gaming?

If someone launches a DDoS or other attack against your IP address while gaming, that attack will hit the VPN servers instead of your device. This will shield you from attack and hide your real IP address. A VPN will also prevent any third parties on your local network from snooping on your connection.

Is it legal to use a VPN for gaming?

Generally, yes. Some games might prohibit the use of VPNs and other proxies in their terms of service. However, even in cases where that is true, it would be difficult for game administrators to detect whether or not you're using a VPN.

Can I use a VPN to access Steam/Xbox Live/PlayStation Network while abroad?

If you're in a country where your preferred game network is blocked, then a VPN can unblock it. In China, for example, many game networks like Xbox Live and PlayStation Network are censored. Just make sure to use a VPN that works in China. A VPN can also help in purchasing situations when you're traveling abroad. A game might not be available on Steam in certain regions, or you might require a local form of payment, for example. A VPN can help you access your local version of Steam so you can purchase games normally.

What should my VPN settings be for gaming?

Typically the default settings on your VPN app should work just fine. All you need to do is select a server location where you can access the games you want to play. Servers that are geographically closest tend to offer the best ping times. Most VPN protocols offer roughly the same speed. If your VPN allows it, use a lower-strength encryption and disable extra privacy features like modulating IP addresses and traffic obfuscation.

Can I unblock games at school or work?

Yes, a VPN should allow you to unblock games that are normally filtered by firewalls at offices and schools. Your internet connection is completely private while connected to a VPN, so no third parties can see the websites your visit or the games you play.

Can you use a VPN with a Nintendo Switch?

Yes, it is possible to use a VPN with your Nintendo Switch. In order to do this, you’ll need to install the VPN on your wifi router. All major VPNs are compatible with select routers and provide manual setup instructions to make the process easier. Note that if your router isn’t VPN-compatible, you can actually purchase a VPN router -- one that is already installed with VPN software.

Can you get banned for using a VPN when playing Warzone?

No, you won’t be banned for using a VPN when playing Call of Duty: Warzone. Using a VPN doesn’t go against the Call of Duty: Warzone Security and Enforcement Policy. Many people choose to use a VPN when playing Warzone in order to reduce lag and ping. Others do so in order to hide their true IP address and location and protect themselves from DDoS attacks as well as swatting attempts.

Can you get banned for using a VPN when playing Fortnite?

It’s unlikely you’ll get banned for using a VPN when playing Fortnite. However, Epic Games has implemented various anti-cheating measures over time. If it’s suspected that a VPN is being used in order to cheat or bypass an existing ban, this may result in a ban or, at the very least, the VPN user being kicked from the game. The IP address in question may also be added to a blacklist in order to prevent it from being used again.

Can I use a VPN for streaming games on Twitch?

You can use a VPN for streaming games on Twitch. Not only does this help keep your online activity secure, it allows you to access Twitch from anywhere. However, not all VPNs are suitable for use with Twitch. In particular, they may throttle your bandwidth and be too slow for streaming games or lack the essential security features required to stream safely. That’s why it’s important to stick with the best VPNs for gaming as listed in this post.

VPNs for hosting games online

Now you know which VPNs to choose from if all you want to do is play a game online. But if you want to host one? That requires a couple more criteria to consider:

  • Port forwarding. Games often only operate on certain ports. Game servers and older LAN games will require a VPN equipped with port forwarding. This allows other gamers to find and connect to your public IP address through the forwarded port. Note that it’s not necessary or even recommended to port forward your router and the VPN at the same time. Only the VPN requires port forwarding, or else risk opening yourself up to attack.
  • Static IP addresses, also sometimes referred to as dedicated IPs, though the two differ slightly. A static IP address will allow you to run a reliable game server that won’t change IPs all the time. They can also allow friends to connect to your host computer via LAN apps like Hamachi and Evolve without constantly updating your IP address.

With those criteria in mind, here are a few VPNs for hosting online games:

  • LiquidVPN: Servers with dedicated IPs can be found using the “topology” dropdown in the LiquidVPN app and choosing “dedicated.” You can open ports in the firewall and have them forwarded to your IP address right from the control panel. For an extra fee, LiquidVPN offers private static IP addresses to users. These IPs are exclusive to the user and not shared with others. Read our full review of LiquidVPN.
  • NordVPN: Offers a handful of static IP servers at no extra cost. Port forwarding is not yet supported, but the company says it plans to implement it in a forthcoming update.
  • AirVPN: Each Air VPN server has one static exit-IP address with which clients connected to that server are “visible” on the internet. No specific setup is necessary. Users may forward up to 20 ports simultaneously from the client area dashboard on AirVPN’s website. Private dedicated IPs are available and can be requested by contacting AirVPN.
  • TorGuard: You can add dedicated server IPs to a list in the TorGuard app in the settings menu, under the Servers tab. It will then appear at the top of the server selection list on the main client. To set up port forwarding, you’ll need to request it on the TorGuard website. Processing is usually instant. Go go My Services > View Details >> Management Actions >> Port Management.

VPNs that gamers should avoid

BolehVPN

We like BolehVPN on the whole, but not for gaming. We’re only singling it out here because we’ve seen multiple other sites claiming that BolehVPN offers gaming optimized servers and game hosting services. In fact, it never offered gaming-optimized servers and has since quit selling game hosting services. With only 14 countries to choose from, it’s just not great for gaming.

Free VPNs

Free VPNs usually have a limited number of servers, cap data transfers, require queueing to connect, and throttle bandwidth. They also tend to have worse security and privacy policies compared to paid VPN services, so they are unsuitable for gaming.

Using PPTP for a faster connection

Normally we never recommend PPTP over other protocols like OpenVPN, SSTP, or L2TP. If those are too slow, however, you may consider using the PPTP protocol when gaming. PPTP tends to be faster than the other options and is still widely supported both by VPN providers and operating systems.

Be warned, however, that you shouldn’t depend on a PPTP VPN connection to keep you secure. The protocol has known security vulnerabilities. Don’t use it for any privacy-critical tasks.

SOCKS5 proxy for gaming

If all you want to do is access a game that’s geo-blocked in your area, consider using a SOCKS5 proxy. Because SOCKS5 proxies don’t encrypt traffic by default, they tend to be faster than VPNs (not the overloaded free ones, mind you).

Bear in mind, however, that SOCKS5 proxies don’t come with any of the security bonuses of VPNs. The provider can mine your traffic for personal data and inject malware or advertisements. You won’t get a NAT firewall or DDoS protection.

NordVPN subscriptions come with free SOCKS5 proxies and plenty of locations to choose from. The company maintains a strict no-logs policy, so you don’t have to worry about them abusing your data.

See also: If you are looking for speed, check out our list of the fastest VPN services.

How to keep kids safe when gaming online

Privacy and security are just as important when you game as when you browse the internet. Kids who game online can put themselves at risk of a range of threats including cyber harassment, malware infection, SWATTING, invasion of privacy, and generally conversing with strangers that you’d rather them not communicate with.

Here are a few precautions you can implement to keep your kids safe online while gaming:

  • Use a VPN. This will mask your home’s real IP address and replace it with that of the VPN server, making it much more difficult for any third party to track your location or identify your device
  • Keep your devices and software up to date. Don’t sit on security updates for your computers, smartphones, and game consoles. Likewise, update apps and games as soon as updates are available
  • Avoid pirating games and only download games from reputable sites and vendors
  • Use the parental controls and filtering built into your game console or Steam to steer kids away from mature content
  • Wipe personal details and other data from unused devices
  • Disable the voice chat on games that use public matchmaking to team up with strangers
  • Don’t use a webcam when streaming on Twitch
  • Don’t use a real photo as an avatar
  • Don’t use your real name in your gamer handle or profile. In fact, don’t fill out any non-essential information in your profile.
  • Configure your account settings so that your child cannot spend money on games or microtransactions without your permission

While all that can help protect your child online, the best protection is awareness. Talk to your child about the risks of divulging personal information to strangers. Here are a few guidelines for kids:

  • Never reveal your real age, name, school, or location
  • Never arrange to meet someone you met in the game in real life
  • If you are bullied or made to feel uncomfortable, tell an adult. Kids should not be punished for confiding in their parents
  • Don’t believe what strangers tell you online
  • Don’t be a troll