VPN wont connect - Common problems and fixes

VPNs make it incredibly simple to stay safe online, and their ability to bypass regional restrictions means you can access your favorite services from anywhere in the world.

Despite being simple to set up, VPNs often do a poor job of letting the user know when or why there’s a problem. Below, we’ll address some of the most common VPN problems and let you know how to fix them, in plain English, with as little jargon as possible.

Problem 1: I can’t connect or stay connected to the VPN

If you can’t connect to the VPN at all, the first thing to do is check you have an internet connection; this sounds obvious but it’s often overlooked. If your connection is fine, the next step is to try using a different VPN server.

Sometimes, servers go down for maintenance and the VPN app doesn’t update in time, giving you the option to connect to a server that’s actually inaccessible. If you can connect to one of your VPN’s other servers, this is likely what has happened.

On the other hand, if you can’t use any servers or if your connection drops frequently, the problem is more likely to be with your network settings. Here’s what to do in this case:

First, check the VPN’s settings page. If it has a Restore Defaults button, click it. If not, change your connection protocol to Automatic (if this option isn’t available, select either TCP or UDP).

Now, we’ll add your VPN to a list of exceptions to make sure it isn’t blocked by your firewall. The process is different for each operating system; here are the steps for Windows and MacOS:

Windows

Click the Windows icon in the bottom-left of the screen and type “Windows Defender Firewall” (without quotes). Now, select Allow an app or feature through Windows Defender Firewall in the list on the left. On the next screen, click Change settings and then Allow another app. Finally, locate your VPN app and click Add.

MacOS

Start by clicking the Apple icon in the top-left. Choose System Preferences, then Security & Privacy. From here, move across to the Firewall tab and click the Firewall Options button. You’ll see a list of programs, and below, there’ll be a button with a plus sign (+) on it. Click on this, locate your VPN app, and click Add.

Problem 2: My VPN is too slow

This is one of the most common VPN problems. Start by running a speed test while disconnected from the VPN. You can generally expect a VPN to reduce your network speeds by about a third, so you’ll need a reasonably fast connection to start with. Below, we’ve listed Netflix’s recommended speeds and the corresponding base speed you’ll require to use similar streaming services with a VPN.

Content TypeRecommended speedBase speed required
SD video3Mbps5Mbps
HD video5Mbps9Mbps
4K video25Mbps30Mbps

Internet speeds not high enough? There are a few options here: you could upgrade your broadband package, use a wired connection instead of wireless, or ask others in your home to briefly stop streaming and torrenting.

Now, connect to the VPN and run another speed test. Note that your download speed can change based on several factors including how far the server is from your location, how many other users are connected, the encryption protocol used, and even the time of day. This means that if you notice a significant reduction in speed, it’s often a good idea to try another server.

See also: Fastest VPNs

Problem 3: My VPN isn’t working with Netflix, BBC iPlayer, etc.

Netflix proxy error

First, it’s important to note that not every VPN can unblock every service. In fact, when it comes to major platforms like Netflix, Amazon Prime Video, and BBC iPlayer, only a few VPNs still work reliably. We recommend using ExpressVPN, although NordVPN and CyberGhost are two excellent low-cost alternatives.

If your VPN should be able to unblock a service, but you’re having issues, there are a few things you can try.

  • First, make sure you’re using the most up-to-date version of the app.
  • Next, clear your browser’s cache and cookies to make sure that the service forgets your actual location.
  • Try connecting to a different server, since sometimes there are specific servers for unblocking a particular platform.
  • If you’d like, you can contact your VPN’s customer support team directly (the three above all offer 24/7 live chat) and ask which servers to use.

Still having problems? It could be that your chosen service has recently improved its region-locking features, in which case there’s no alternative but to wait until your VPN provider finds a workaround.

Problem 4: I can’t connect to my VPN when in China

VPN problems are, unfortunately, to be expected in China. The country’s internet restrictions (collectively known as the Great Firewall) are some of the strictest in the world. All kinds of services are blocked including streaming services, news websites, and perhaps unsurprisingly, VPNs.

While there are a few VPNs that still work in China, their websites are blocked. As a result, you’ll have to install and configure the service before arriving in China. To be safe, we’d recommend making a note of manual installation instructions. Some VPNs have specific settings that have to be changed before they’ll work in countries with strict online censorship.

It’s also a good idea to see if your VPN operates any mirror sites that might still be accessible in China. Remember to save this information locally, though, as cloud-storage platforms are also inaccessible in China.

Problem 5: My server appears to be in the wrong location

Usually, your VPN provider rents or buys servers in a country, then allows you to access them. However, if the local laws make it difficult to run a VPN company, the region is too dangerous, or the costs of maintaining a physical server are too high to justify, some providers use a virtual server instead.

These servers are actually located in a different country but configured to make your traffic look as though it’s coming from the location you chose. Usually, geo-restricted services can’t tell the difference, although some IP address lookup services can, hence the apparent discrepancy.

Many VPN providers let you know which of their servers are virtual, either on the server list or in a knowledge base article, so you can avoid them if you’d like.

Problem 6: I changed my VPN’s advanced settings and now it doesn’t work

This is actually fairly straightforward to fix. First, go into your VPN’s settings page again. If you’re using a service like CyberGhost, there’ll be a button that lets you automatically restore everything to its default state

However, even if this feature isn’t available, you can be back up and running in just a few minutes by following these steps:

  • Start by changing your VPN protocol to UDP or TCP (this option might just be called “OpenVPN”).
  • If you see any advanced options, like a kill switch, a custom DNS feature, or traffic obfuscation, turn them off. Now, connect to the VPN.
  • If it works, remember to reactivate the kill switch and leak protection features (unless these were the cause of the problem, which is extremely unlikely).

Still having trouble? You could contact customer support for help but it might be quicker to just reinstall the VPN app.

Problem 7: My problem isn’t listed here

If your VPN problems are more complex than those mentioned above, your best bet is to contact your VPN’s customer support team directly. They’ll be able to help you install a VPN on just about anything (including wireless routers). Plus, they help people with technical issues every single day, meaning they know how to troubleshoot VPN problems quickly and easily.

Are we missing a common VPN problem? Leave a comment and let us know.